Linux Operating System Installation

 

 

Minimum Requirements

533 MHz clock speed of CPU

512 MB memory of ram

10 GB free space of hard disk

Linux bootable DVD

DVD drive

 

G.U.I Based Installation:-

Graphical User Interface

 

  1. Insert the Linux Bootable DVD into the DVD – Rom.
  2. After Restart the system, Press Del (Or) F2 function key on the booting time.
  3. It will display CMOS setup dialog box, Select Advanced Bios features option and press Enter key.
  4. Select First Boot Device CD – Rom option and select Second Boot Device Hard Disk.
  5. Press F10and enter to save and exit the CMOS.
  6. Press Enter key to install the Linux in graphical mode.
       
 

OK

 
 

Skip

 

 
 

 

 

 

  1. Press Skip button.
  2. Press Next button.
  3. It will display Language selection Click on again Next button; it will show Key Board Language selection Click on Next button.
  4. It will ask Serial No, select Skip entering installation number option.
  5. Click “Ok” button, Click “Skip” button.
  6. Select the “Create Custom Layout” option in to the Drop Down menu.
  7. Click on Next button.

 

Partitions Creating Options:-

 

                       
 

New

 
 

Edit

 
 

Delete

 
 

Reset

 
 

RAID

 
 

LVM

 

 

 

 

 

New:-

          This option is used to Creating the “New” Partitions.

 

Delete:-

          This option is used to “Delete” the existing Partitions.

 

  1. Select the free space and click on “New” button, Select in the

 

Mount Pointedplace                                

/boot         -        200 MB

  1. Again Select the free space and click on “New” button, Select in the Mount Pointed place

/home        -        400 MB

         

  1. Again Select the free space and click on “New” button, Select in the File System place

/swap         -        2*Ram

(Check Ram Capacity: - Press Ctrl + Alt + F2 and Type “Free” enter then press Ctrl+Alt+F6 to exit )

         

  1. Again Select the free space and click on “New” button, Select in the Mount Pointed place

/        -        10000MB

  1. Click on Next button, it will ask installation Booting Operating System selection.

          Note:-

                   This option it will ask already another Operating System is there then that time only.

  1. Again Click on Next button.
  2. Again Click on Next button.
  3. Select the Time Zone: Asia/Calcutta, Click on Next button.
  4. Give the Root Password and Confirm as it is into the required text boxes.
  5. Click on Next button.
  6. It will ask Installation type, Click on Next button.
  7. Again Click on Next button, it will start installation.
  8. After minimum packages installation, Click on “Reboot” button and Remove the DVDfrom the DVD Rom.
  9. It will display “Welcome Wizard”, Click on Forward button.
  10. It will ask “License Agreement”, Select “Yes I agree” option and Click on Forward button.
  11. Select the Firewalls “Disabled” option by the Scroll Down menu.
  12. Click on Forward button, Click on Yes button.
  13. Again Select the SELinux Setting “Disabled” option by the Scroll Down menu and Click on Forward button, Click on Yes button.
  14. Click on Forward button.
  15. Give the correct “Date and Time Setting” and Click on Forward button.
  16. Again Click on Forward button.
  17. Again Click on Forward button, Click on Continue button.
  18. Again Click on Forward button.
  19. Click on Finish button, Click on OK button.

 

Features of Linux:-

  1. It is a 32 Bit Multi User Multi Task Operating System; Linux supports IP Version – 4 & 6.
  2. Linux having two Desktops KDE and GNOME.

KDE                -              Kernel Desktop Environment

GNOME               -              Graphical Network Object Module Environment.

  1. Linux having so many inbuilt Software’s like C, C++, Java, Open Office…etc.
  2. Linux having inbuilt Servers like Samba, FTP, NIS, NFS …etc.
  3. Linux supports maximum 8 LAN Cards.
  4. Linux can be installed by using CD’s, Hard Disk, FTP Server, NFS Server, NIS Server…etc.
  5. Linux having 4 defaults Window’s.
  6. Linux having 7 Terminal’s on that 6 are Text Terminal based and 1 is Graphical Terminal.
  7. Linux was invented in 1991 by Linus Trovalds.

 

Linux having two Versions:-

  1. Core
  2. None Core

 

  1. Core:-

In Linux Operating System Kernel and Shell will works separately.

  1. Non – Core:-

In Linux Operating System Kernel and Shell will work combined.

 

Linux is having so many Distributors:-

                Red Hat

                SUSE

                Centos

                Mandrake

                Slack Ware

                Turbo Linux

                PC Q Linux

 

Note:-

 

                In Linux Red Hat there are 3 editions are there, Like

  1. RHEL Enterprise Server (2 CPU’s, 4 GB Ram)
  2. RHEL Advanced Server (32 CPU’s, 64 GB Ram)
  3. RHEL Work Station (1 CPU, 16 GB Ram)

 

 

 

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